The issue of changing a minor’s name is a rapidly emerging issue due to divorce, same-sex marriages, and parents using different last names. In the United States, there has been a tradition for centuries and a general assumption that a child born in wedlock will carry their father’s last name or surname.
Domestic violence cases involve a special relationship between the parties. The special relationship may be created by: (1) a family relationship, such as husband and wife; or (2) cohabitation, i.e., the parties live together. Civil harassment cases do not involve a special relationship between the parties. A civil harassment complaint may be filed against any person, even if that person is not a spouse or a cohabitant.
In vitro fertilization is defined as a method of assisted reproduction in which a man’s sperm and a woman’s egg oocyte are combined in a laboratory dish, where fertilization occurs. The resulting embryo is then transferred to the uterus to develop naturally.
Paternity fraud occurs when a mother or alleged father acts in a deceitful manner to either establish paternity or to show that paternity does not exist. For example, the mother may place an alleged father’s name on a birth certificate who is not the biological father. The mother or alleged father may also tamper with the paternity test results.
The Family Support Act of 1988 amended the guidelines provisions of the Child Support Enforcement Amendments of l984 by requiring that a state’s support guidelines operate as a ”rebuttable presumption” of the correct support amount in any judicial or administrative proceeding for the award of child support.